Islamic Finance Report Cites Importance of Shariah Standards in Education


Ethica Institute of Islamic Finance, the Dubai-based global leader in Islamic finance certification believes that the options in Islamic finance education are only as good as their adherence to third-party standards.

Dubai, UAE, December 10, 2013

“Where do I learn Islamic finance?” seems to be the question on everyone’s mind these days. With options ranging from short workshops to masters-level programs, students are spoiled for choice. With the spread of Islamic finance globally, the spread of Islamic finance education was sure to follow. The Global Islamic Finance Education research report from Yurizk helps individuals and institutions weigh their options.

Yurizk’s CEO Sadia Karim said, “Human capital development is a critical challenge for the Islamic finance industry and previously there was no comprehensive study that addresses the major issues and at the same time backs the insight with collective data. GIFE 2013 bridged that gap of information and brought critical insight into the challenges facing the Islamic finance industry in human resources development and the industry’s long term sustainability.”

Ethica Institute of Islamic Finance, the Dubai-based global leader in Islamic finance certification, believes that the options in Islamic finance education are only as good as their adherence to third-party standards: “Islamic finance is one of the few global industries in which one can get away with calling something ‘Shariah compliant’ without any independent third-party verifying that it is actually Shariah compliant. The onus is on Islamic finance educators to ensure that what they are teaching has been checked by an Islamic finance scholar as adhering to a globally accepted standard like AAOIFI.” Ethica was amongst the report's key contributors and submitted a section on the need for standardizing Islamic finance education. Read full article below.

As options for Islamic finance education grow, the prestige of institutions will likely be measured by their Shariah authenticity more than by any other factor. The Global Islamic Finance Education report gives students a sound starting point before committing to a program of study.


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Without standardized training and certification, the Islamic finance industry will continue to calcify in its old ways: no serious innovation

into equity-based Musharakah and Mudarabah products; no practical alternative to a fractional debt-reserve banking system; no global gold-based currency; and no move away from debt-based mainstays.

Instead, what we need in order to rebuild Islamic finance is a strong foundation of capable, trained individuals competent enough to innovate products away from debt-based, fiat-based, cosmetically- enhanced conventional products for the rich and upper middle class to equity-based, asset-based, genuine products for all.

Yet, we continue to sing the praises of Islamic bankers at awards ceremonies, hymn the “growth” mantra of conventional economics, and hope for the best. Somehow, someone, we believe, will one day make it all right. After all, Islamic finance is just starting out and it only needs a little more time to work out the details, no?

Wrong. Where we are presently headed is an unabashed embrace of conventional banking served up with a milquetoast nod to the Shariah. If we go on without standardized training, nothing changes and we continue as before. We lend further credence to detractors who believe that Islamic finance is not working and what is needed is a complete revamp.

But because these same detractors leave much to be desired in the way of a practical, scholar-approved blueprint for us to follow, what the absence of a workable alternative will more likely lead to is countless millions with a worse option (interest-based products) rather than a merely bad one (poorly implemented Islamic finance).

What we need is a move away from the current state of “anything goes” Islamic finance training and certification. What we need is standardized training and certification based on AAOIFI Shariah Standards. AAOIFI, (pronounced “a-yo-fee”), is the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions and the de facto in over 90% of the world’s Islamic finance jurisdictions. AAOIFI already brings together scholars from all over the world who agree on Shariah standards and have put behind us the painstaking task of harmonizing global standards.

According to the Institute of Management Accountants, AAOIFI standards are now mandatory in Bahrain, the Dubai International Financial Centre, Jordan, Qatar, Qatar Financial Centre, Sudan, South Africa, Syria, and the Islamic Development Bank. AAOIFI standards also form the basis for national standards in Bangladesh, Brunei, France, Indonesia, Kuwait, Lebanon, Malaysia, Pakistan, Russian and Central States, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and the United Kingdom.

AAOIFI’s regularly updated texts have become the definitive reference work for those seeking a comprehensive rule book about Islamic financial products and practices. Its 85 standards cover everything from accounting and auditing to governance and product- specific Shariah standards. The 16 to 20 scholars – the number depending on the year – who sit on AAOIFI’s Shariah Board are leading Islamic finance scholars who come from the Gulf, South Asia, South East Asia, Africa, and North America; each of them legally qualified to issue a fatwa and adjudicate on matters Islamic finance.

If we are going to be serious about Islamic finance, we need to be serious about Islamic finance training. And being serious about training means being careful about what is being said. A scholar once advised his student, “Find the best teacher and become the best student.” The best “teacher” the Islamic finance industry presently has is AAOIFI. Are we as “students” equal to the task?


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